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What is Boron Carbide?
Boron carburide (also known as black diamand) is an organic material with the molecular formula B4C. It’s a gray-black fine powder. It is among the three hardest substances known (the two others being diamond and cubic boron-nitride). Tank armor, bulletproof vests, and many other industrial uses are made of it. Boron carbide absorbs a lot of neutrons but does not produce radioisotopes. This makes it an excellent neutron absorber for nuclear power plants. Neutron absorbers control the nuclear fission rate. Boron carbide, which is used in nuclear reactors, is mostly made into a controlled rod shape. But sometimes a powder is produced because of its larger surface area.
What are the main applications of Boron Carbide?
(1) The field is national defense. Bullet-proofing has been done with boron carbide ceramics since the 1960s. Comparing it to other materials, its characteristics are easy portability and high toughness. It is essential for the lightweight armor used on armed helicopters as well as the bulletproof aircraft armor. The British used this material as a raw materials to manufacture armor that can protect against armor piercing projectiles.
(2) In terms of raw chemical materials. To increase the wear-resistance and strength of alloys, boron carbide is used as an alloy boronizing agent. This can be done by boronizing the metal surface and generating a thin layer iron boride.
(3) Wear-resistant field. Boron carbide ceramics are visible in a number of industrial nozzles. These include desander nozzles to remove rust and nozzles designed for high-pressure water gun cutting. Because of their durability under extreme conditions, and cost-effectiveness, they are often the first option for factories. . It can also be used to avoid pollution due to abrasive waste during grinding. As a diamond abrasive substitute, boron carbide can be used to reduce the cost of processing various metals as well as jade glass.
(4) Nuclear energy. boron-carbide is commonly used as a neutron absorber in safety rods, control rods and other components. This helps to regulate the rate of nuclear fission, while also protecting human safety.
(5) Aviation. The gyroscope, which is an essential component of aircraft navigation, can be effectively extended by using boron-carbide as a material additive.
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