Zirconium ntride is a hard ceramic material similar to titanium nitride

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What is zirconium-nitride (ZnN)?

The zirconium-nitride, with its chemical formula ZrN, has excellent corrosion resistance. It also has high hardness, lubricity, and ductility. This coating is attractive due to its many properties. It is applied using physical vapor deposit. The coating can be in the form a yellow crystalline dust or a beautiful light golden layer.

Zirconium nitride has a physical and chemical property of 7.09 and a microhardness between 980019600MPa. It also has a melting point of 2980 degrees plus or minus fifty. Zirconium is insoluble, only slightly soluble, in water. However, it can be dissolved in hydrofluoric and concentrated sulfuric acids. Zirconium (ZrN), because of its properties, can be used in various ways.

ZrN produced by physical vapor deposit (PVD), is similar in color to elemental Gold. ZrN has a resistivity of 12.0mO*cm at room temperature, a temperature coefficient resistivity of 5.6*10-8O*cm/K and a superconducting threshold temperature of 10.4K. The relaxation lattice parameters is 0.4575nm. The elastic modulus and hardness are 450 GPa.

What is zirconium-nitride used for?

Zirconium Nitride is a ceramic hard material, similar to titanium Nitride and a cement like refractory. This material can be used to make cermets, laboratory crucibles, and refractory materials. Physical vapor deposition is used as a coating method for medical equipment (especially drill bits), industrial parts (especially automotive and aerospace parts), and other parts in environments that are high-wear and corrosive. In the case of alloying ZrN with Al, electronic structure is developed from the cubic ZrN’s local octahedral symmetry. As the Al concentration increases, this symmetry is distorted and becomes more complex, with a higher degree of hardness.

For rockets, zirconium-nitride is recommended as a fuel tank lining.

Zirconium Nitride (ZrN) compounds are composed of different crystal structures. These vary depending on their composition. ZrN is an alloy compound that has been discovered in the ZrN system. Not only do they have excellent chemical characteristics, but they can also be used in junctions, diffusion laminations, low temperature instruments, etc. These compounds can be used in three-dimensional integrated electronic coils as well as metal-based semiconductor transistors. The ZrN compounds have superior wear resistance to pure zirconium, as well as oxidation, corrosion and wear resistance. In addition, they have a greater superconducting threshold temperature.

Preparation and use of zirconium powder

The main processes for the synthesis of zirconium oxide powder include direct nitridation using nitrogen on Zr metals, high-energy ball milling, microwave plasma, benzene method, aluminum and magnesium thermal reductions, carbothermal and carbothermal reductions nitriding, and direct carbon thermal and zirconia thermal nitriding. There are suitable routes for different sizes and particle shapes. The mass production of Zirconium Nitride and other Transition Metal Nitrides is possible. It should be noted, that due to the formation solid solution within the ZrNZrCZrO’ system, the final nitriding product in CRN/CN is represented by Zr (N C O). It is necessary to perform a CRN two-step process. The nitrite is converted from zirconium carburide (ZrC), which was produced earlier as an intermediate. The CN method is the direct nitridation ZrO2 with carbon and requires only one heat treatment. It is possible that the latter method can be more time-efficient and energy-efficient in producing zirconium-nitride.

In oxygen reduction, zirconium nitride surpasses platinum

Pt-based materials play an important role in microelectronics, anti-cancer medicines, automotive catalysts, and electrochemical energy-conversion equipment. Pt, the most common catalyst for oxygen reduction reactions (ORR), is used in fuel cell and metal-air battery applications. Its toxicity, scarcity, and cost limit its potential use. In this study, we demonstrate that nanoparticle zirconium (ZrN), a catalyst used in ORRs in alkaline environment, can replace or exceed Pt. The synthesized ZrN (nanoparticles) exhibit high oxygen-reduction performance, and are as active as the commonly used commercial catalyst Pt/C. After 1000 ORR cycle, both materials had the same half wave potential (E1/2 = 0.80 V), but ZrN was more stable (DE1/2 than = 3 mV). In 0.1 M KOH. ZrN is also more efficient and has higher cycles in zinc-air battery than Pt/C. ZrN replacing Pt may lower costs and encourage the use electrochemical energy devices. ZrN could also be useful in catalytic systems.

Enhanced Photoluminescence Combined with a Periodic array of Organic Dyes and Zirconium Nitride Nanoparticles

Due to their excellent optical properties, noble metals like gold have been used in plasma technology. The melting temperature of gold, particularly in nanoscale, is relatively low. The limitations of materials prevent the exploration of plasmons for multiple applications. Transition metal nitrides are promising substitutes for conventional materials because of their high mechanical and thermo-mechanical stability, and also acceptable plasma characteristics within the visible spectrum. Zirconium (ZrN), a promising material substitute, has a carrier density higher than titanium (TiN), the gold Supplementary material most studied. In this research, we made a periodic ZrN-nanoparticle array and found out that the ZrN array increased the photoluminescence in the organic dyes. This photoluminescence was 9.7 times stronger when viewed under visible light. Through experimentation, we verified that ZrN is a good alternative to gold for further developing plasmons.

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