The properties and applications of Iron Oxide Fe3O4

What is Iron O2O4 ? Iron O3O4, a kind inorganic substance, has the chemical formula Fe3O4, black with magnetic, and is commonly known as magnetic iron dioxide. It cannot be considered Fe(FeO2)2, or as a mixture between iron oxide FeO3 and ironoxide Fe2O3, however, it can be roughly regarded as a compound containing ferrous oxide and iron dioxide (FeO*Fe2O3). The substance is not soluble in water, alkali solution or ethanol. Iron Oxide Fe3O4 from natural sources is insoluble when it comes into contact with acid solutions. However, the iron oxide (Fe3O4) can be easily oxidized to Fe2O3 in humid conditions. It is often used as a polish and pigment, as well to make audiotapes and other telecommunications equipment.
How is Iron Oxide, Fe3O4, Produced?

Schikorr reactions produce iron oxide Fe3O4. This reaction turns iron (II)hydroxide [Fe(OH]2) into iron oxide, (II and III) (Fe3O4). Anaerobic conditions cause ferrous hydroxide(Fe(OH),2) to oxidize in water and form magnetite, as well as molecular hydrogen. This process is described in Schikorr’s reaction.

3Fe(OH)2-Fe3O4 + H2 + 2H2O

What is Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 different?

Fe2O3 vs Fe3O4 are two different minerals. Fe2O3 is paramagnetic and has only Fe2+ oxidation while Fe3O4 ferromagnetic materials have both Fe2+ or Fe3+ oxidation.

What are some properties of Iron Oxide Fe3O4?

Fe3O4 is ferrromagnetic and has a Curie Temperature of 858K. The Verwey transition is a phase transition that occurs at 120K. This transition is where there is a discontinuity between the structure, conductivity, and magnetic properties. While many explanations have been suggested, the effect has not been fully understood.

Although it has an electrical resistivity that is higher than iron (96.1% nO m), Fe3O4’s electrical resistance (0.3 mO.m) is much lower than Fe2O3’s (approx. 10 kO.m). This can be explained by electron exchange between FeII and FeIII centres in Fe3O4.

Iron Oxide, Fe3O4

Iron oxide black, magnetite and black iron dioxide are all terms that can be used to describe iron oxide.

Black pigments are also known as Mars Black, and Iron (II or III) oxide.

It is used in Haber processes as a catalyst.

It is used to produce the water-gas shifting reaction.

MRI scanning employs Fe3O4 Nanoparticles to contrast them.

It protects the steel against rusting.

It is an element in thermite and is used to cut steel.

It can also produce special coatings, high-grade magnetic separators and microwave absorption materials.