What is zinc sulfide and its properties?

What is zinc sulfuride?

Zinc sulfide

This inorganic compound has a chemical composition of ZnS. It is a yellow or white powder and turns darker when it is visible. It is stable when placed in dry air. However, if the air is humid or contains moisture, it will slowly oxidize to zinc sulfurate.

There are two forms of zinc sulfuride crystals. Type A zinc sulfuride is a colorless hexagonal, crystalline powder. It can also be white to offwhite or yellow. The relative density is 4.0887. The melting temperature is 1700°C. Thermal conductivity 25.1 (m/K), thermal expansibility coefficient (volume) 100, 0.163, 200, 0.395, 400, 0.919 and 800, 2.146. A cubic crystal of B-type Zinc Sulfide is available. It is available in white, off-white, and yellow powders. The relative density of the powder is 4.102 and its melting point is at l700°C. Coefficient of thermal extension (volume): 100degC (0.156), 200degC (0.386), 400degC (0.898), 800degC (1.996). It can slowly be oxidized to sulfate, in the air. The crystal form transition temperature of 1020degC is 1020degC. Soluble in dilute mineral acid. Water is insoluble

Preparation of zinc sulfuride

Double decomposition technique: add zinc solution under stirring to produce the metathesis reaction. Ammonium Sulfide is then removed by filtration. Concentrate the product by evaporation, cool to crystallize and then centrifuge to extract the sulfide Zinc.

Zinc sulfide has the following physical and chemical properties

The history of the study of fluorescent zinc sulfide materials is more than 130 year old since Sidot, a French chemist, discovered it in 1868. The study of zinc sulfuride materials has always been an interesting topic from the 1920s to 1940s.

Physical properties

Powder that is white to slightly yellow. It becomes crystals when it is heated with H2S gas. The a variation is a hexagonal colorless crystal with a density 3.98g/cm3 with a melting point at 1700degC. While the b variant has a density 4.102g/cm3, it is converted to the a form at 1020degC. They are found in sphalerite. Insoluble when water is used. Soluble in acid. You can see the sun dimmed.

Chemical nature

In humid air, it can be converted into zinc sulfurate over a prolonged period of time. It is generally formed from the interaction of hydrogen sulfide, zinc salt solution. It can emit different colors of fluorescence if it is illuminated with a small amount Cu Mn, Ag, or another activator such as ZnS. As analytical reagents, coatings and paints, opaque and white glass, filling rubber, and plastics.

Application of zinc sulfide

Useful for photoconductor materials, analytical reagents, and phosphors It is also used for the production of dyes. As a coating for different filters and laser window.

Transport and storage of zinc sulfide.

Pack in barrels or woven bags lining with polyethylene bags. Each bag (drum) weighs in at 50kg and 25kg respectively. Keep the drums in a well ventilated, dry place. Avoid open storage. To avoid moisture, the container should be sealed. It must not be stored or transported with any edible items or feed. Transport should include cover. Protect the package from the sun and rain by handling it carefully when unloading and loading. This product can be corrosive. poisonous. It can cause irritation to the skin. Protective equipment and clothing must be worn by operators. The workshop must be well ventilated.

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