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Potassium acetate, KC2H302, is an organic compound. It is an odorless white solid, deliquescent, soluble in water and alcohol, insoluble in ether, and melts at 292deg C. It is widely used in the chemical industry as an analytical reagent and as a dehydrating agent.
In medicine, it is an antidote to sodium ion poisoning and in the treatment of hypocalcemia. It is also a diuretic and urinary alkaliser. It was first used as a component of Cadet’s fuming liquid, the first organometallic compound produced.
It is also used in the production of polyurethanes and as a catalyst. It is a common ingredient in the preparation of sports drinks like Propel, Gatorade, and Powerade.
Another use is as a de-icer, much like road salt. Its acidic properties help prevent ice formation, and it is less corrosive than other de-icers.
Lastly, potassium acetate is used in many pharmaceuticals, such as the drug acetic acid. It has been shown to be a safe, effective, and well-tolerated medication in infants, children, and adults.
This compound is also used in the production of aqueous coolants for equipment that needs to be kept at low temperatures. The freezing point of the composition can be significantly lowered by shifting the ratio of acetate to formate to favor the acetate, or omitting the formate in the case of a moderate frost resistance requirement, while in the case of an extremely high frost resistance requirement, the formate can be increased to 25% of the acetate concentration.