Boron metal can be used to make extremely hard materials. It also has the ability to store chemical energy. This is a very important element in energy conversion and storage.
Boron can be found in a range of forms, from powder to single crystals. Some of the common uses of boron include in the production of high temperature brazing alloys and rocket propellant mixtures. Unlike carbon-based materials, boron-containing compounds are not as well studied. But they hold great promise for energy research.
Researchers at the Rice University have delved into the properties of atom-thick sheets of boron. Their calculations reveal that where atoms land has a big impact on the properties of these crystalline materials.
Two-dimensional boron has potential applications as a nanoscale catalyst for catalysis. Specifically, Boris Yakobson, a theoretical physicist at the university, has collaborated with colleagues to make highly conductive two-dimensional boron.
Anions based on boron are gaining importance in the design of advanced conducting salts. They can easily be tuned to achieve specific properties. These anions are also relevant to low-viscosity ionic liquids and batteries.
The presence of boron on a metallic substrate could be a promising hydrogen evolution catalyst. As a result, it would be an excellent choice for use in a variety of devices. For example, it is currently being explored as a building block for electrodes. In addition, the group is studying boron chemistry for energy-related applications, such as hydrogen storage.
Boron-containing amorphous metals are also important in applications such as strong magnets. They are also used as master alloys in electrical devices.